Valproic Acid and derivatives
Valproic acid is given to people who have severe epilepsy, recurrent migraine headaches or bipolar disorder. This medication changes the brain chemistry in order to prevent convulsions and seizures as well as to control the manic phase of bipolar disorder and relieve migraine pain.
This medication is dangerous to take while pregnant. Children who are exposed to the medication in the womb may be born with spina bifida or other physical or mental birth defects.
This medication can also cause serious and irreversible damage to both the liver and the pancreas, especially if given to infants or toddlers. Symptoms of these problems include severe stomach pain, nausea, loss of appetite and lethargy. Changes in the color of the urine or stool may also indicate a problem with the liver.