Conjugated Estrogens (Oral, Injection, Vaginal)
Women who suffer from low estrogen either before or after menopause may be treated with conjugated estrogen. Transgender patients who are undergoing hormone replacement therapy to feminize the body may also take estrogen.
Female hormones carry the risk of certain types of cancer, especially cancer of the lining of the uterus. Many women take progesterone with estrogen to decrease this risk, but doing so increases the risk of breast cancer. Taking conjugated estrogen also increases women’s risk of blood clots, heart attacks and strokes. This is especially true for women who smoke or who have a history of heart disease. Women who have a family history of heart disease, stroke or breast cancer should be cautious about taking this medication.