Carmustine is used to treat brain tumors, Hodgkin’s disease and some types of lymphoma. This drug is injected directly into the bloodstream; it works by interfering with the growth of cancer cells so that these cells die.
This medication can cause the suppression of bone marrow. It can also suppress white blood cells so that the body has a harder time fighting infections. The medication should not be given more than once per every six weeks, and patients’ blood should be tested routinely for these problems. The medication can also cause lung and kidney damage. The risk of lung damage increases after every dose; some people develop pulmonary fibrosis years after cessation of this drug.