Capreomycin is used to treat tuberculosis that has not responded to other, less strong antibiotics. This drug is injected into muscles or veins on a daily basis for two to four months in order to combat tuberculosis, then is given two or three times a week. Medication must be given continuously even after symptoms disappear in order to stop a resurgence of disease.
This drug can cause kidney disease and failure, so it should not be given to people who already suffer from kidney disease. It should not be given at the same time as any other antibiotic remedy for tuberculosis because doing so increases the risk of kidney failure. This medication can also cause damage to cranial nerves, resulting in permanent hearing loss.